The economists’ failure in predicting and forecasting the recent (and old) financial crisis gave a new impulse to the concept of diversity in the economic profession, underlying how diversity is an enriching factor for the development of economic theory and for a better understanding of reality. This paper aims to analyze data about current level of gender diversity in the Italian academia, focusing on economists. We show that the research assessments’ identification of a univocal and standardized concept of research quality - mainly measured by bibliometric indicators - imposes a strategy of “homologation” for breaking the glass ceiling. Since women’s academic career remains markedly characterized by a strong vertical segregation, we find that women able to reach the top of the career are more subject to assimilate their research activities to a homogeneous profile with respect to that of their male colleagues. We also provide a qualitative analysis of gender diversity within the academic economic profession in Italy: our survey suggests that women experience some form of discrimination at work almost three times more often than men, and the main cause of discrimination is their gender identity.
Women Economists; Discrimination; Italy; University
Tipo di pubblicazione: